4 April 2007
The computer firm said the donation is intended to augment human translators and to improve the safety of US and other English-speaking workers in Iraq..
IBM says it will donate 1,000 two-way
automatic translation devices to support better communication between English
and Arabic speakers in Iraq. The donation includes 10,000 copies of software for
future use with the translation system, called the Multilingual Automatic Speech
Translator, or MASTOR.
In announcing the donation, IBM noted that just six of the 1,000 workers in the US Embassy workers in Iraq are fluent in Arabic. The computer firm said the donation is intended to augment human translators and to improve the safety of US and other English-speaking workers in Iraq.
IBM Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Samuel J. Palmisano described the donation in a letter to US President George W. Bush. "IBM employees returning from service with the US military in Iraq have consistently emphasised two points: the importance of communicating with the Iraqi people and the operational challenges posed by the need to do so," Palmisano said in his letter.
The MASTOR technology operates on different devices including PDAs, tablet PCs, and laptop computers. Its development got underway in 2001 at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center and was supported by the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency
United States military personnel are testing new voice, speech and translation technology from IBM to speak with Iraqi locals in their own language. IBM's Multilingual Automatic Speech-to-Speech Translator, or "MASTOR," is designed to take spoken input from its users and convey the meaning of what is said in translated speech.
Cutting-edge voice, speech and translation technology from IBM is getting a critical test from U.S. military personnel who are using the system to speak with Iraqi locals in their own language.
The Multilingual Automatic Speech-to-Speech Translator, or "MASTOR," is activated by speaking and translates both from English to Arabic and from Arabic to English, sounding out its translation instantly in audible speech.
The U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) is addressing a shortage of military linguists and putting the technology from IBM Research to work in the field. The software is compatible with PCs, laptops, tablet computers and personal digital assistants.
The U.S. will deploy the speech-to-speech translation system in Iraq on 35 ruggedized laptop computers for the Army Medical Department, Special Operations Command, the Marines and other Department of Defense units.
"Our goal is to enable units operating in areas where human interpreters are scarce to communicate effectively with speakers of different languages in real-world tactical situations," said U.S. Joint Forces Capabilities Division Branch Chief Wayne Richards.
Executives behind the new MASTOR technology compared it to other translation solutions that rely on preprogrammed, fixed phrases, indicating the IBM software "offers the ability to have a free-form conversation without having to memorize any predetermined phrases."
MASTOR is designed to take spoken input from its users and convey the meaning of what is said in translated language, which initially includes Iraqi Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic and Mandarin Chinese.
"The military's use of the MASTOR system is a very exciting example of that capability -- one where we see the potential to improve the safety of U.S. Service personnel and save lives," said IBM U.S. Federal Managing Director Anne Altman.
The technology represents a significant leap in translation and communication systems, according to BASEX Chief Analyst and CEO Jonathan Spira, who has yet to view a demonstration of the project.
"MASTOR promises free-form conversation, which is how people actually speak," Spira said. "This is a huge advance in technology compared to systems which only can handle predefined phrases."
MASTOR, like human translators, overlooks minor errors, he noted.
Rather than relying on a specific device, MASTOR was designed and optimized for multiple platforms and runs on Windows XP, Windows CE, Linux and Embedded Linux, IBM Research Manager for Speech Recognition and Understanding Yuqing Gao related.
The technology's potential is broad. It can be incorporated in a variety of different software applications and adapted for other languages, which IBM is already planning to do, she said.
For U.S. military personnel in Iraq, MASTOR has been tuned not only for medical, infrastructure and other communications, but also to avoid conflict, according to Gao.
"A lot of conflict is caused by language barriers," she said. "We're trying to overcome that."